Olive Ridley turtles

Olive Ridley turtles #GS -03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Olive Ridley turtles Olive Ridley turtles also known as the Pacific ridley sea turtle are one of the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles found in the world. They get their name from their […]

Terms related to Elephants in India

Terms related to Elephants in India #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Asian Elephant Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Schedule I IUCN Red List of threatened species: Major Threats: Habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation. African elephants :           Vulnerable Asian elephants : Kumki Kumki or Koomkie is […]

Spot-bellied eagle owl

Spot-bellied eagle owl #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Spot-bellied eagle owl Spot-bellied eagle owl is also known as the forest eagle-owl. They are located in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam. In India, they can be found in […]

Indian Skimmer

Indian Skimmer #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Indian Skimmer Scientific Name: Rynchops albicollis. IUCN status: Endangered Total population: Less than 2,500 birds It can be noticed by a thick, orange-yellow bill with a slightly longer lower mandible (jaw) which is a striking feature of the […]

Himalayan Griffon Vulture

Himalayan Griffon Vulture #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Himalayan Griffon Vulture The Himalayan griffon vulture is an Old World vulture (Accipitridae) native to the Himalayas and the adjoining Tibetan Plateau. Himalayan Griffon Vulture is not the same as Eurasian griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus), which is a […]

Ecologically Sensitive Zone (ESZ)

Ecologically Sensitive Zone (ESZ) #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Ecologically Sensitive Zone (ESZ): ESZs also known as Ecologically Fragile Areas (EFAs) are areas notified by the MoEFCC around Protected Areas, National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries. They are created to be the “shock absorbers” to the […]

Grey-bellied Wren-Babbler

Grey-bellied Wren-Babbler #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Grey-bellied Wren-Babbler: The Grey-Bellied Wren-Babbler is a bird species in the family Timaliidae. Scientific Name: Spelaeornis reptatus It was until recently considered a subspecies of the long-tailed wren-babbler. The IUCN, started recognizing it as distinct species in 2008. […]

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972

Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 #GS 03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: This Act provides for the protection of the country’s wild animals, birds, and plant species, in order to ensure environmental and ecological security. The Wildlife Protection Act also provides details about […]

Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary

Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary  #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary: Koundinya Wildlife Sanctuary is the only sanctuary in Andhra Pradesh with a population of Asian elephants. The sanctuary is covered by southern tropical dry deciduous and thorn forests. Some of the important flora consists […]

Freshwater Turtles

Freshwater Turtles #GS-03 Biodiversity Conservation For Prelims Turtle vs Tortoise: All tortoises are turtles—that is, they belong to the order Testudines or Chelonia, reptiles having bodies encased in a bony shell—but not all turtles are tortoises. The most important thing to remember about tortoises is […]