UN High Seas Treaty

UN High Seas Treaty Context: A common UN treaty involving 168 countries for protecting the oceans has failed recently. In June, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres had declared an “ocean emergency” at the UN Ocean Conference in Lisbon, Portugal, citing threats to the world’s oceans. About […]

Significance of G – 20

Significance of G – 20 Context: In about three months, India will assume for the first time the Group of 20 (G20) year-long presidency from December 1, 2022 to November 30, 2023, culminating with the G20 Summit in India in 2023. Significance: The significance of […]


UNMOGIP Context: United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has appointed Rear Admiral Guillermo Pablo Rios of Argentina as the Head of Mission and Chief Military Observer for the United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP), the office of the UN Secretary-General has […]

Outcomes of the MC12

Outcomes of the MC12 Context: There are significant gains for some and some are on the losing side in the recently concluded 12th Ministerial Conference (MC12) of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Background: From past two years India and South Africa are pushing for a […]

Sharing Power With the Next Generations

Sharing Power With the Next Generations For Mains: The rise of international organisations After the devastation brought about by the second world war, a slew of international organisations was created to ensure that another world war did not come about. These were led by the […]