On irregularities in vertical devolution

On irregularities in vertical devolution Context: Recent agitations in Kerala and Karnataka shed light on issues within fiscal federalism in India. The 16th Finance Commission (FC) needs to address concerns regarding vertical and horizontal inequalities in resource allocation. Two major concerns are the shrinking divisible […]

Why science needs sustainable funding

Why science needs sustainable funding Context: The theme for National Science Day 2024 is “Science for Sustainable Development”. India aims to achieve developed country status by 2047 through sustainable means, as reflected in its commitments under the Paris Agreement and global fora. Relevance: GS-03 (Science […]

Household Consumption Expenditure Survey 2022-23

Household Consumption Expenditure Survey 2022-23 Context: The latest Household Consumption Expenditure Survey reveals shifts in consumption patterns. Conducted between August 2022 and July 2023, this survey is the first major data release since 2011-12, providing insights into ground realities at the household level. Relevance: GS-03 […]

Why were surrogacy rules modified?

Why were surrogacy rules modified? Context: The Union government modified the Surrogacy (Regulation) Rules, 2022, allowing married couples to use donor eggs or sperm for surrogacy. Relevance: GS – 02 (Government Policies & Interventions, Social Empowerment) Prelims: Surrogacy Law, Surrogacy (Regulation) Act 2021, Altruistic surrogacy, […]

The Uniform Civil Code of Uttarakhand Bill

The Uniform Civil Code of Uttarakhand Bill Context: The Uttarakhand Assembly passed the Uniform Civil Code of Uttarakhand Bill, 2024, awaiting Presidential assent. Relevance: GS-02 (Government policies and interventions) Mains Question: Critically analyze the implications of the Uniform Civil Code of Uttarakhand Bill, 2024, on […]

Changing the growth paradigm

Changing the growth paradigm Context: Economic growth, as measured by GDP, does not necessarily improve citizens’ well-being, especially if it doesn’t translate into more income for them. India’s focus on GDP growth has led to an unequal distribution of wealth and resources, making it one […]

On financial devolution among States

On financial devolution among States Context: Opposition-ruled States, particularly from southern India, are expressing concerns about the fairness of the current financial devolution scheme. Article 270 of the Constitution outlines the distribution of net tax proceeds between the Centre and the States, forming the divisible […]

Having panchayats as self-governing institutions

Having panchayats as self-governing institutions Context: The 73rd and 74th Constitutional Amendments Acts aimed to establish local self-government through Panchayati Raj institutions. Despite three decades since these amendments, the revenue generation capacity of Panchayats remains low. Relevance: GS-02 (Governance, Panchayats) Key Highlights Panchayats depend heavily […]