Aadhaar authentication continues to face glitches

Aadhaar authentication continues to face glitches

Aadhaar authentication continues to face glitches


The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) revealed in a Right to Information (RTI) response to The Hindu that Aadhaar servers experienced ‘intermittent’ and minor fluctuations in authentication for hours-long periods throughout the year until September, totaling 54 hours and 33 minutes of disruptions.

What are the technical issues faced by the Aadhar?

  • Authentication Delays: There have been reports of delays in issuing one-time passcodes (OTPs) over SMS. OTPs are critical for authentication, and any delays can have an impact on the user experience and access to services.
  • Fluctuations in the server: The paragraph cites “intermittent” and “minor fluctuations” in Aadhaar server authentication. These oscillations may cause disruptions in the authentication process, jeopardizing the dependability of Aadhaar services.
  • Unavailability of Services: According to the text, Aadhaar authentication services were inaccessible for more than 54 hours in 2023. Prolonged outages might have serious effects, especially given the breadth of services linked to Aadhaar.

What are the difficulties faced by the public due to these glitches?

  • Service Disruptions: Errors in Aadhaar authentication can cause access to key services such as ration distribution, government subsidies, and other Aadhaar-linked benefits to be disrupted. Individuals who rely on these services may experience delays and inconvenience as a result of this.
  • Aadhaar-Enabled Payments and Transactions: Aadhaar is frequently associated with financial services, including Aadhaar-enabled payments and transactions. Individuals may be unable to complete these transactions due to technical challenges, hurting their capacity to make payments and manage their accounts.
  • Verification for Government Services: Aadhaar is frequently used to verify identification for numerous government services. Technical flaws can make it difficult for individuals to prove their identity, thus stopping them from obtaining government programs or services.
  • Aadhaar-Linked Services: Because Aadhaar is linked to a variety of services, including cell connections and SIM cards, individuals may encounter difficulties in completing these transactions. This can cause problems and delays in getting or renewing important services.
  • questions about data security: Technical flaws may create questions about the overall security and privacy of Aadhaar data. Skepticism and reluctance to participate in Aadhaar-based processes can be exacerbated by public perception of these difficulties.

What is the way forward in these situations?

  • Technical Infrastructure Investment: Set aside funds to upgrade and maintain the technical infrastructure that supports Aadhaar authentication. This involves guaranteeing server reliability, minimizing downtime, and dealing with scalability difficulties as the user base grows.
  • System audits and testing regularly: Conduct frequent audits and testing of the Aadhaar system to discover and address vulnerabilities and ensure the platform’s security and robustness.
  • Communication and Transparency: Improve openness by communicating with the public about technical issues, their causes, and the efforts being taken to remedy them in a timely and straightforward manner. This can aid in managing public expectations and fostering trust.
  • Data Privacy Protection: Increase data privacy safeguards to ensure the security of Aadhaar data. To protect against unwanted access and data breaches, advanced encryption, access controls, and frequent security audits must be implemented.
  • Alternative Methods of Authentication: To lessen dependency on a single mode of authentication, investigate and implement other authentication mechanisms. This could involve the use of biometrics, one-time passwords, and other secure ways.