current affairs - 2023-11-02

Rajnath urges Kukis, and Meiteis to build trust through dialogue


A day after suspected Kuki radicals gunned down a police officer from the Meitei tribe in Manipur, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said it was past time for the two communities to sit down and talk about their trust gap.

What is the background of the Manipur Crisis?

  • Tensions between the Kuki tribal tribe and the Meitei ethnic majority sparked the Manipur conflict. The Kukis opposed the Meiteis’ request for official tribal status. The Kukis expected the Meiteis to use their rank to purchase land and settle in Kuki areas. 
  • The fighting began at Churachandpur, a town south of the state capital of Imphal. In ten of the state’s sixteen districts, the Kukis staged a tribal unity march. Counter-protests and blockades were organized by the Meiteis, and skirmishes erupted across Manipur. 
  • A March court order that granted the Meiteis “scheduled tribal status” ignited the unrest. This provided them with the same economic privileges as the Kukis, as well as quotas in government positions and education. 
  • Since May, at least 150 people have been killed in ethnic conflict. The central government has boosted security in the state and sent the army. 

What is the solution sought by Defence Minister Rajnath Singh?

  • Defense Minister Rajnath Singh advocated for a peaceful and dialogue-based solution to Manipur’s ongoing issues and violence, particularly between the Kuki and Meitei people. 
  • He underlined the importance of both groups coming together and having heart-to-heart conversations to heal the trust deficit that had been created. 
  • His answer did not include violence, but rather a peaceful and cooperative approach to resolving the region’s challenges and tensions.

What was the incident of the Airstrike of Aizwal mentioned by the Defence Minister?

  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) carried out airstrikes in Aizawl in 1966. This was India’s first airstrike in its civilian area.


    • In 1966, the Mizo National Front (MNF) led an insurgency against India.
    • The MNF was founded to aid people during the Mautam Famine in Mizoram.
    • The goal of Operation Jericho was to take control of Aizawl. The MNF effectively captured Aizawl in late February.
    • Airstrikes On March 5, 1966, the Indian Air Force assaulted Aizawl with machine guns.
    • The next day, the IAF released incendiary bombs.
    • The planes took off from Assam’s Tezpur, Kumbigram, and Jorhat.


    • The end of the insurgency paved the door for stable democratic processes in Mizoram.
    • The MNF transitioned from an insurgent group to a legitimate political party.

How can the two groups move forward despite the tragedies?

  • Dialogue and Mediation: Engage in structured dialogue and mediation processes that bring representatives from both communities together to share their grievances, anxieties, and worries.
  • Conflict Resolution Workshops: Hold conflict resolution workshops and training programs to give community leaders and individuals the tools they need to handle problems amicably.
  • Cultural Exchange: Encourage cultural exchanges and encounters to gain a deeper knowledge of each other’s cultures, languages, and ways of life. This can aid in the dismantling of stereotypes and prejudices.
  • Community Engagement: Encourage community engagement and participation in local government and decision-making processes to guarantee that both communities have a say in creating their future.
  • Security Measures: Enhance security measures to safeguard both populations’ safety, which can help alleviate fear and insecurity.
  • Rehabilitation and Reintegration: Create programs to assist those affected by violence in their rehabilitation and reintegration, as well as assist displaced individuals and families.
  • Educational Initiatives: Encourage education and awareness initiatives that explain the history and culture of both communities, with a focus on their similarities and shared past.


Despite the tragedies and conflicts that have impacted them, these ideas can help the Kuki and Meitei communities move ahead and construct a more peaceful and inclusive future. The objective is to encourage reconciliation, understanding, and cooperation while addressing the root causes of distrust and violence.