India lights up the dark side of the moon

India lights up the dark side of the moon

India lights up the dark side of the moon


India has now successfully landed on the moon, becoming the fourth country to do so. On Wednesday, the Chandrayaan-3 lander module’s rover achieved a soft landing on the moon’s surface.

Key Points of the Chandrayaan-3 Lunar Landing:

  • India’s Chandrayaan-3 lander module and rover touched down safely on the moon’s surface.
  • Celebrations were held at the ISRO Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bengaluru after the landing at 6:03 p.m.
  • With this accomplishment, India joins the ranks of the United States, Russia, and China as the fourth nation to successfully land on the moon.
  • The lunar landing by India is also notable for being the first successful landing in the moon’s polar region.
  • The lander met the majority of nominal landing requirements, including the necessary touchdown velocity, according to ISRO Chairman S. Somanath.
  • The lander’s health and suitability for the intended tests were indicated by the landing velocity, which was less than 2 meters per second.
  • The lander and the Mission Operations Complex (MOX) at ISTRAC were able to communicate.
  • ISRO revealed pictures taken by the lander’s horizontal velocity camera while it was descending.
  • The achievement makes up for the Vikram lander failure of Chandrayaan-2 in 2019.

Powered Descent and Landing: 

  • The powered descent, which was broken up into four phases: hard braking, altitude hold, fine braking, and terminal descent, started at roughly 5:44 p.m.
  • The Vikram lander completed each of these phases and landed on the moon’s surface at 6:03 p.m.
  • The total time for the successful landing was 19 minutes.

Background about the Chandrayaan-3 mission: 

  • On July 14, the Satish Dhawan Space Center in Sriharikota launched the Chandrayaan-3 mission.
  • The mission comprises of a rover, a propulsion module, and an indigenous lander module.
  • The main goals are to demonstrate a secure and gentle lunar landing, to show off the rover’s mobility on the lunar surface, and to carry out in-situ scientific research.
  • During its mobility phase, the rover will perform chemical analyses on the lunar surface.
  • The mission life of the lander and rover is one lunar day, which is equal to 14 days on Earth.

Importance and Global Impact:

  •  India’s successful landing on the moon’s polar area is a testament to the nation’s scientists and engineers’ hard work and abilities.
  • The triumph of India, according to Prime Minister Modi, paves the way for other nations, including those in the Global South, to pursue similar goals.
  • India’s moon mission encourages worldwide cooperation in space exploration and advances our understanding of the universe.
  • Future space missions will benefit from the successful landing’s contributions to science and technology.


In conclusion, India’s Chandrayaan-3 lunar landing success is a noteworthy accomplishment that showcases India’s advancements in space exploration, technological prowess, and international collaboration in the field of space science.