Growth and Trade Policy Reforms


In a recent development, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) has revised its growth forecast for India’s GDP in the current fiscal year, projecting a 7% expansion compared to its previous estimate of 6.7%.

  • This upward revision is attributed to robust public and private investment, alongside expectations of a gradual recovery in consumer demand, particularly in the rural economy.
  • Despite this positive outlook, the ADB warns of potential risks stemming from global factors such as a sharp increase in oil prices or prolonged high interest rates in the West to combat inflation.

GS-03 (Economy)

Objectives of the Foreign Trade Policy 2023:

  • Integration with Global Markets: The policy aims to integrate India with global markets, envisioning India’s development as a reliable trade partner by 2047.
  • Building a Future-Ready India: Focused on realizing India’s strategic vision of becoming a top exporting nation, the policy aims to create a future-ready India in alignment with the ‘Amrit Kaal’.
  • Creating an Enabling Ecosystem: Moving towards an enabling ecosystem, the policy seeks to shift from incentive-based approaches to support the philosophies of ‘Atma Nirbhar Bharat’ and ‘Local goes Global’.
  • Collaboration with State Governments: The policy aims to foster export promotion at the grassroots level by collaborating with state governments.
  • Tripling India’s Exports: Replacing the existing policy, the new FTP targets to nearly triple India’s goods and services exports to $2 trillion by 2030, from an estimated $760 billion in 2022-23.

Dimensions of the Article:

  • Asian Development Bank (ADB)
  • Significance
  • Implications
  • Suggested Measures

Asian Development Bank (ADB):

  • ADB is a multilateral development bank.
  • It was founded on December 19, 1966.
  • It is headquartered in Manila, Philippines.
  • Its primary objective is to promote economic growth and cooperation among countries in the Asia-Pacific Region.
  • ADB supports member countries through loans, technical assistance, grants, and equity investments to foster social and economic development.
  • It also finances private sector projects and public-private partnerships.
  • The largest shareholders of ADP are Japan, the United States, China, India, and Australia.


  • The ADB’s revised growth forecast underscores the importance of policy measures to stimulate economic growth, particularly through trade facilitation.
  • India’s economy heavily relies on exports, and simplifying trade rules could significantly bolster its export sector. However, the absence of substantial structural reforms, especially in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic, raises concerns about the sustainability of this growth trajectory.
  • Questions surrounding the integrity of national income data and the dominance of government tax receipts in final GDP figures further cloud the economic outlook.


  • The lack of significant structural reforms poses a challenge to India’s long-term economic resilience. While strong investment has been driving growth, the muted consumption sector raises questions about the sustainability of the current expansion.
  • Additionally, stretched household savings, highlighted by global risk research firm BMI, threaten to undermine the anticipated rebound in consumer spending.
  • In this context, the ADB’s emphasis on creating large-scale special economic zones with favorable policy environments to promote exports becomes crucial.

Suggested Measures:

  • To capitalize on the projected growth and navigate potential risks, policymakers must prioritize simplifying trade rules and enhancing export facilitation.
  • Creating special economic zones with streamlined policies can attract investments and promote exports, thereby stimulating economic growth. Moreover, integrating better with global supply chains and improving logistics infrastructure is imperative to enhance India’s competitiveness in the global market.
  • By addressing these challenges and implementing proactive measures, India can sustain its economic momentum and emerge as a key player in the global economy.