Freebies before elections: SC

Freebies before elections: SC

Freebies before elections: SC


The Supreme Court requested a statement from the states of Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan on Friday in response to a petition alleging that public funds are being exploited to provide nonsensical giveaways ahead of elections.

What are freebies?

In politics and elections, freebies are goods, services, or benefits delivered by governments or political parties to the people at no direct cost or penalty. These freebies are often distributed as part of political campaigns or as a means of gaining popularity and support among the people. 

What are the different forms of Freebies?

  • Subsidies: Governments may provide subsidies on basic products such as food, fuel, or housing, lowering consumer costs.
  • Cash Transfers: To reduce financial difficulties, several governments make direct cash transfers to residents, particularly those in need.
  • Free Services: Governments may provide free services to certain portions of the population, such as healthcare, education, or public transit.
  • Product distribution: Political parties may provide free products to voters such as clothing, kitchen appliances, or farming equipment.
  • Waivers: Governments might announce loan or debt waivers, notably in the agricultural sector, to help farmers.
  • Electoral Promises: Politicians sometimes make promises of future benefits or legislation during election campaigns, which may be interpreted as possible freebies.

What are the impacts of the freebies?

  • Financial Burden: The drain on government finances is one of the most severe negative consequences. Offering freebies without a long-term finance plan can result in budget deficits, higher governmental debt, and financial insecurity.
  • Distorted Priorities: The emphasis on freebies can deflect attention away from long-term policy concerns such as infrastructure development, education, and healthcare. Resources that could have been invested in these areas could be diverted into short-term giveaways.
  • Inefficient Resource Allocation: Freebies might lead to inefficient resource allocation since they may not target people who need them the most. Subsidies, for example, may help more affluent people who can afford to pay the full price.
  • Economic Distortion: By dampening the price signals of products and services, freebies can cause market distortions. Subsidies, for example, might lead to overconsumption and production inefficiencies.
  • Fiscal Discipline: Relying on freebies indefinitely can undermine budgetary discipline and responsible government. It has the potential to incentivize governments to overspend, resulting in fiscal deficits and financial instability.
  • Dependency culture: Excessive reliance on freebies can develop a dependency culture in which individuals and communities tend to expect government handouts rather than pursue self-sufficiency or entrepreneurship.

what are the ways to prevent the freebies from influencing voters?

  • Strong Campaign finance regulations: Implement and implement strong campaign finance regulations that limit the amount of money political parties and candidates can spend during elections. These rules should also apply to the funding of gifts or freebies.
  • Transparency & Disclosure: Require transparent disclosure of campaign spending and funding sources. This includes full reporting on any expenses incurred as a result of freebies.
  • Public Awareness and Education: Encourage voter education programs to assist voters in making educated voting decisions during elections. Educate voters on the dangers of accepting freebies and the significance of judging politicians on their qualifications and policies.
  • Independent Election Commission: Make certain that the election commission or institution in charge of overseeing elections is independent, unbiased, and well-funded. They should be empowered to monitor and enforce campaign funding laws.
  • Media and Journalism: Promote appropriate media reporting. Journalists should investigate electoral pledges and expose any attempt to buy votes through giveaways. The media may be quite effective in holding politicians responsible.
  • Support civil society organizations and watchdog groups that monitor campaign activity and advocate for fair and transparent elections. These organizations can increase awareness about electoral change and campaign for it.


Offering freebies is intended to entice people and secure their support during elections. However, the usage of freebies in politics can be a source of contention. Excessive freebies, critics claim, may strain government resources, promote populism over smart economic policy, and foster a culture of dependency. Proponents, on the other hand, claim that freebies can relieve immediate needs while also elevating underprivileged groups in society. Freebies’ appropriateness and influence might vary greatly depending on the setting and policies of a given government or political party.