Crypto Assets

Editorial Analysis for IAS - Friction Points on Indo – Chinese Border

Crypto Assets




  • One of the most striking moves in the Union Budget’s taxation proposals for 2022-23 is the introduction of a taxation regime for virtual digital assets — evolving manifestations of cryptocurrencies, codes and non-fungible tokens.
  • Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has proposed to tax all profits from transactions in such assets at 30% along with the applicable surcharge and cess, and a 1% tax to be deducted by buyers while trading in any virtual digital asset beyond a threshold.



What are Crypto Assets?


  • Crypto assets are digital assets which use cryptographic techniques to generate a medium of exchange of financial transactions.
  • Cryptocurrencies, utility coins, security tokens are all different types of crypto assets. A cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual currency.





  • While the tax on profits will apply from April 1, 2022, which officials said will not preclude profits already booked before that date from the tax liability, the TDS provisions aimed at creating a transaction trail for the tax authorities, will kick in from July 1.
  • While trading profits will be taxed at, according to crypto industry players, a higher rate compared to other jurisdictions, no deductions will be allowed on account of setting off losses from such trading or from any other capital losses.
  • The only deduction permitted would be the cost of acquiring the asset.
  • The term ‘property’ under the I-T Act is being expanded to include virtual digital assets so that such assets received as a gift shall be taxable except when received from relatives. 
  • A consultation process is underway, which will determine the legal position of such assets.



Relief to Investors:


  • This provides some relief for the growing flock of crypto investors.
  • The Government may still not consider them fully legit, yet the tax regime indicates the hard option of an outright ban that was signaled in the nomenclature of a proposed crypto law last year is off the table.
  • Listed first for Parliament’s monsoon session, then again in the winter, that legislation is also now off the agenda.




  • The delay in arriving at a decision also pre-empts Indian start-ups and innovators from developing products and ideas that can be scaled up globally given the nature of these assets.
  • In November, the Government had indicated a forward-looking approach to crypto market oversight.
  • It is time those words are matched with a clear regulatory framework soon instead of ambiguous waffling and dithering.

Source: THE HINDU.