Black-necked Crane


Why in news?

Recently, the union Minister of State for Environment, Forest and Climate Change informed the Lok Sabha about the important steps taken to protect Black-necked Crane by the government.



GS-03 (Species, Conservation)


About Black-necked Crane:

  • Scientific name: Grus nigricollis
  • IUCN Status: Near Threatened
  • Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972: Listed in Schedule I
  • CITES : Appendix I
  • It is a medium-sized crane.


Distribution and habitat :

  • Chiefly in the high-altitude Tibetan plateau.
  • Largest numbers found in China followed by Vietnam, Bhutan and India.
  • Important habitats in India:  Changthang Sanctuary and Tso Kar Wetlands Complex in Ladakh.
    • As per a survey conducted by the Wildlife Institute of India in 2016-2017 in the Ladakh region, the population size of black-necked cranes was around 66-69 individuals.
    • In Arunachal Pradesh, a small population of approximately 11 individuals arrives during the winter months.