Baobab Tree

Baobab Tree


The Global Society for the Preservation of Baobabs and Mangroves (GSPBM) has launched an initiative to revive the iconic baobab trees in Madagascar.

GS-03 (Conservation)

Overview of Baobab Tree:

  • The baobab tree, also known as the upside-down tree, is a long-lasting deciduous tree characterized by broad trunks and compact tops.
  • Baobab trees comprise nine species, with two originating from mainland Africa, six from Madagascar, and one from Australia.
  • Notably, Mandu in the Dhar district of Madhya Pradesh stands out as a significant area in India where baobab trees thrive.


  • Baobabs boast remarkable longevity, with some specimens surviving for thousands of years.
  • They exhibit minimal growth rings, with mature trees sporting massive trunks that taper from bottom to top, resembling a bottle or cylinder.
  • Additionally, the fruit produced by baobab trees is round or oval-shaped and rich in nutrients, earning them the moniker “Tree of Life.”

Ecological Importance:

  • Baobabs hold the status of keystone species in Madagascar’s distinctive landscapes.
  • Their robust trunks and extensive root systems play a crucial role in storing water, particularly in arid environments.
  • This water storage capacity proves indispensable during periods of drought, benefiting both the trees and the surrounding ecosystem.
  • By providing a vital water source, baobabs support a diverse range of life, from microorganisms to larger animals, thereby fostering biodiversity within their habitats.