Parakram Diwas

 

Context:

  • The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, paid homage to Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose on his 125th birth anniversary at Rashtrapati Bhavan today (January 23, 2022). 
  • He paid floral tributes in front of a portrait of Netaji at Rashtrapati Bhavan. 
  • Netaji Jayantior Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti, officially known as Parakram Diwas or Parakram Divas ( ’Day of Valour’), is a national event celebrated in India to mark the birthday of the prominent Indian freedom fighter Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose.

 

About Netaji:

  • Subhas Chandra Bosewas an Indian nationalist whose defiance of British authority in India made him a hero among Indians, but his wartime alliances with Nazi Germany and Fascist Japan left a legacy vexed by authoritarianism and anti-Semitism.
  • The honorific Netajiwas first applied to Bose in Germany in early 1942—by the Indian soldiers of the Indische Legion and by the German and Indian officials in the Special Bureau for India in Berlin.
  • The early recipient of an Anglocentric education, he was sent after college to England to take the Indian Civil Service
  • Returning to India in 1921 to join the nationalist movement led by Mahatma Gandhiand the Indian National Congress, Bose followed Jawaharlal Nehru to leadership in a group within the Congress which was less keen on constitutional reform and more open to socialism. 
  • He became Congress president in 1938. After re-election in 1939, differences arose between him and Gandhi.
  • The senior leadership in the Congress supported Gandhi, and Bose resigned as president and was eventually ousted from the party

 

Ideology

  • Subhas Chandra Bose believed that the Bhagavad Gitawas a great source of inspiration for the struggle against the British
  • Swami Vivekananda’s teachings on universalism, his nationalist thoughts and his emphasis on social service and reform had all inspired Subhas Chandra Bose from his very young days.
  • The fresh interpretation of India’s ancient scriptures had appealed immensely to him
  • Some scholars think that Hindu spirituality formed an essential part of his political and social thought.
  • Bose first expressed his preference for “a synthesis of what modern Europe calls socialismand fascism” in a 1930 speech in Calcutta.
  • Bose later criticized Nehru’s 1933 statement that there is “no middle road” between communismand fascism, describing it as “fundamentally wrong.”
  • Bose believed communism would not gain ground in India due to its rejection of nationalism and religion and suggested a “synthesis between communism and fascism” could take hold instead.
  • In 1944, Bose similarly stated, “Our philosophy should be a synthesis between National Socialismand communism.”

Source: THE HINDU.

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