National Technology Day

 

Context:

  • The National Technology day is celebrated every year on 11 March to mark the anniversary of the Pokhran nuclear tests of 1998.
  • The tests were initiated on 11 May 1998, under the assigned code name Operation Shakti, with the detonation of one fusion and two fission bombs.

What is the theme?

  • The theme for the day this year is ‘Integrated Approach in Science & Technology for Sustainable Future’
  • On this day, the Technology Development Board (TDB) seeks applications for the national awards for the commercialization of technologies. Reportedly, the awards are under three categories – National Awards, MSME awards, and Startup awards.

About the Pokhran Tests:

  • The Pokhran-II tests were a series of five nuclear bomb test explosions conducted by India at the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range in May 1998.
  • It was the second instance of nuclear testing conducted by India; the first test, code-named Smiling Buddha, was conducted in May 1974.
  • The tests were initiated on 11 May 1998, under the assigned code name Operation Shakti, with the detonation of one fusion and two fission bombs.
  • The advanced detonators, implosion, and high-voltage trigger systems were designed, tested, and manufactured by three DRDO laboratories.
  • Weaponization, systems engineering, aerodynamics, safety interlocks, and flight trials were all under their control.

 

Significance for India:

  • With a nuclear powered state in the border and facing territorial aggression since 1962, this tests played a huge role.
  • The test also made the world to look at India in a different manner, as a rising power among the nations.

 

Source: THE HINDU.

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