Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention

Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Context: • Speaking at the UNSC briefing recently, India’s Permanent Representative to the UN, stressed that it is important to ensure implementation of BTWC (Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention) in letter and spirit. About: • Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention […]

South China Sea

South China Sea Context: U.S. warship’s South China Sea passage sparks row, PLA says forces deployed to drive it away What happened? A U.S. warship sailed through the South China Sea on Thursday, sparking a warning from China’s military as tensions between the superpowers remain […]

EU Sanctions On Russia

EU Sanctions On Russia   Context:   The EU agreed on Wednesday to add 160 Russian business people and lawmakers to its sanctions blacklist, target crypto-assets and hit the maritime sector over Moscow’s war in Ukraine, officials said.   About:   The 27-nation bloc also […]

Russia-Europe Energy Relationship

Russia-Europe Energy Relationship   Context: Russia’s invasion on Ukraine has invited unprecedented sanctions, in this context it is important to know the relationship between Russia and Europe. Even though Europe is moving towards carbon neutral economy, it is still dependent on Natural Gas, so it […]

Impact of Russian Invasion on Chip Shortage

Impact of Russian Invasion on Chip Shortage   Context: According to a report by Moody’s Analytics, Ukraine supplies rare gases used to produce semiconductor fab lasers, and Russia exports rare metals like palladium to make semiconductors. This combination is required to build chipsets that power […]

National Security Policy of Pakistan

National Security Policy of Pakistan Context: Pakistan’s National Security Policy (2022–2026) is the first of its kind for the country. It outlines the vision and Pakistan’s global engagement in the context of strategic and security trends. Significantly, it identifies areas of interest and challenges emanating […]