Mabja Zangbo River
#GS-01 Geography, #GS-02 International Relations, #GS-03 Internal Security
- Mabja Zangbo or Mabja Tsangpo is a river which originates in the western part of Tibet Autonomous Region, China.
- It flows through Nepal into the Ghaghara river before joining the Ganga in India.
- Since 2021, China has been constructing a dam on the Mabja Zangbo river in a location just a few kilometres north of the Kalapani tri-junction border with India and Nepal.
- With this project, China can gain control over water in the entire region and can utilise it in case of rising tensions in the future.
- In addition to using water as leverage, another major threat is the possibility of a military establishment by China near the tri-junction.
- Another advantage is that the dams close to the border could be used by China to strengthen its claim on the disputed areas in the region.
- China could use this dam to not only divert but also store water which could lead to a scarcity in the regions dependent on the Mabja Zangbo river.
- This in turn could lead to lower water levels in rivers such as the Ghaghara and the Karnali in Nepal.
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