Lumpy skin disease spreads to 25,000 bovines in Rajasthan

IAS current affairs - Lumpy skin disease spreads to 25,000 bovines in Rajasthan

Lumpy skin disease spreads to 25,000 bovines in Rajasthan

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About Lumpy skin disease

  • Lumpy skin disease is a viral disease that affects cattle, caused by a virus of the family Poxviridae, also known as Neethling virus.
  • It is transmitted by blood-feeding insects, such as certain species of flies and mosquitoes, or ticks.
  • It can cause fever, nodules on the skin and can also lead to death, especially in animals that that have not previously been exposed to the virus.
  • Vaccinations and culling of infected animals can help to mitigate the viral impact.

Other diseases which impact cattle

  • Botulism
  • Bovine Tuberculosis
  • Bovine Viral Diarrhoea (BVD)
  • Brucellosis
  • EU Exceptional Adjustment Aid
  • Foot and Mouth disease
  • Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathies (TSE)
Schemes for cattle farming in India
  • · Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM)
  • · National Livestock Mission (NLM)
  • · Livestock Health & Disease Control (LH&DC)
  • · National Programme for Dairy Development (NPDD)
  • · Livestock Census and Integrated Sample Survey (LC&ISS)
  • · National Animal Disease Control Programme (NADCP)
  • · Dairy Infrastructure Development Fund (DIDF)
  • · Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF)
  • Supporting Dairy Cooperatives & Farmer Producer Organizations (SDCFPO)


About Dairy sector in India
  • Dairy is the single largest agricultural commodity contributing 5 per cent of the national economy.
  • India is ranked 1st in milk production contributing 23 per cent of global milk production.
  • Around 80 million people depend on dairy industry in the country.
  • India also has the largest bovine population in the world of over 300 million.
  • The state of Uttar Pradesh produced the highest amount of milk in India, followed by Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Andhra Pradesh.
  • The total milk production in the country amounted to about 209.96 million metric tonne in 2020-21.
  • The growth rate of milk production in India was over 5.8 percent in fiscal year 2021. This is an increase from the previous year where the growth rate stood at 5.6.

Source The Hindu

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