Interpol General Assembly
#GS-02 International Relations #GS-03 Internal Security
- International Criminal Police Organization is an inter-governmental organization having 195 member countries.
- It was created in the year 1923 as the International Criminal Police Commission and was renamed to Interpol in 1956.
- Its headquarters is located in Lyon, France.
- India became a member of the organisation in 1949 and is one of its oldest members.
- All contact of a country’s law enforcement agency with Interpol is through the highest investigating body of the land. The CBI assumes this role in India.
About Interpol General Assembly:
- The General Assembly is the governing body of Interpol, and it brings all countries together once a year to take decisions.
- Each member country may be represented by one or several delegates who are typically chiefs of police and senior ministry officials.
- It determines the principles and measures for the Organization to reach its objectives and reviews and approves the programme of activities and financial policy for the next year.
- The head of Interpol is the President who is elected by the General Assembly for a period of four years.
- The day-to-day activity of Interpol is overseen by a full-time Secretary General elected by the General Assembly, who holds office for five years.
- The General Assembly takes decisions in the form of Resolutions and each member country represented has one vote.
- The General Assembly of the International Criminal Police Organisation (Interpol) is meeting in Delhi for four days from October 18.
- This is the second time since 1997 the 195 member-strong body is holding such a large conference in India.
Notices of Interpol:
- INTERPOL Notices are international requests for cooperation or alerts allowing police in member countries to share critical crime-related information.
- Notices are issued by the General Secretariat at the request of a member country’s INTERPOL National Central Bureau and are made available for all the member countries.
- They can also be issued at the request of the United Nations in relation to the implementation of sanctions imposed by the Security Council.
- Most Notices are for police use only and are not available to the public.
- However, an extract of the Notice can be published on this site if the requesting country wishes to alert the public or seek their help.
- All United Nations Special Notices are public.