Core Industries

Context:

• The cumulative growth rate of Index of Eight Core Industries (ICI) during April-March 2021-22 was 10.4% (provisional) as compared to the corresponding period of last Financial Year.

What are the core industries?

• Natural gas, coal, refinery products, crude oil, cement, electricity, steel, and fertilisers are among the eight core industries.
• Because of their significant impact on general economic and industrial operations, these industries are referred to as core industries.
• These industries account for 40.27 percent of the total weight of the total items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).
• The Refinery Products Industry now has the highest weight in the Index of Eight Core Industries.

Who releases this index?

• It is released by Office of the Economic Adviser (OEA), Department for Promotion of industry and Internal Trade.

Status of Eight Core Industries:

• Coal – Coal production (weight: 10.33 per cent) declined by 0.1 per cent in March, 2022 over March, 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 8.5 per cent during April to March, 2021-22 over corresponding period of the previous year.
• Crude Oil – Crude Oil production (weight: 8.98 per cent) declined by 3.4 per cent in March, 2022 over March, 2021. Its cumulative index declined by 2.6 per cent during April to March, 2021-22 over the corresponding period of previous year.
• Natural Gas – Natural Gas production (weight: 6.88 per cent) increased by 7.6 per cent in March, 2022 over March, 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 19.2 per cent during April to March, 2021-22 over the corresponding period of previous year.
• Petroleum Refinery Products – Petroleum Refinery production (weight: 28.04 per cent) increased by 6.2 per cent in March, 2022 over March, 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 8.9 per cent during April to March, 2021-22 over the corresponding period of previous year.
• Fertilizers – Fertilizers production (weight: 2.63 per cent) increased by 15.3 per cent in March, 2022 over March, 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 0.7 per cent during April to March, 2021-22 over the corresponding period of previous year.
• Steel – Steel production (weight: 17.92 per cent) increased by 3.7 per cent in March, 2022 over March, 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 16.9 per cent during April to March, 2021-22 over the corresponding period of previous year.
• Cement – Cement production (weight: 5.37 per cent) increased by 8.8 per cent in March, 2022 over March, 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 20.8 per cent during April to March, 2021-22 over the corresponding period of previous year.
• Electricity – Electricity generation (weight: 19.85 per cent) increased by 4.9 per cent in March, 2022 over March, 2021. Its cumulative index increased by 7.8 per cent during April to March, 2021-22 over the corresponding period of previous year.

Source: THE HINDU.

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