An Outlook of Prevalence of Blood Sugar in Indians

Context:

• Only over 7% of over 5,297 individuals in India with diabetes were able to achieve their blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol targets, according to a recent paper published in the Lancet – Diabetes and Endocrinology.

About:

• The latest results of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)-India Diabetes (INDIAB) study, conducted in 27 States (unified Andhra Pradesh), two Union Territories and the National Capital Territory over several rounds for the last decade, have stressed the need to have better control over various health parameters that impact mortality and quality of life.

What is Diabetes?

• Diabetes is a Non-Communicable Disease (NCD) that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin (a hormone that regulates blood sugar, or glucose), or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces.
• Insulin is the hormone that regulates blood sugar or glucose levels Insulin plays a crucial role in metabolism and helps the liver, muscle, and fat cells to store the glucose that the body does not require directly, which can be used later by the body in the form of energy.

What are the symptoms of Diabetes?

• Weight loss
• Fatigue
• Extreme Hunger
• More Urination,etc..

What are the different types of Diabetes?

• Type 1: In the type 1 diabetes condition the body produces very little or no insulin.
• Type 2: In the type 2 diabetes condition the body is not able to use the insulin that it produces
• GESTATIONAL DIABETES (GDM): In this type, glucose in the blood increases during pregnancy and may generate complications for both mother and child.

 

Source The Hindu

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