The Civil Services Exam (CSE) in India is considered as the most coveted exam in India. The popularity of civil services exam can be assessed from the fact that every year lacs of students from every nook and corner of India appear in this prestigious exam. This exam is conducted by a constitutional body the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) on annual basis. Candidates are recruited by UPSC for various Central and All India Civil Service posts in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), Group ‘B’ Services etc. There are about 24 services which come under the ambit of Civil Services Exam conducted by UPSC. The details and number of posts are brought out in Official Notification that is released every year in the month of February/ March every year.
List of the posts under Civil service examination as conducted by UPSC:
All India Services
Group ‘A’ Services
Group ‘B’ Services
The status symbol and reputation attached with the Civil Services make this career as the most lucrative and most sought career in India. Nationally UPSC is the agency that has been conferred the responsibility of conducting the Civil Services Exam. However, at state level the same responsibility has been given to concerned state public service commissions. Through state PSCs the various government jobs in states are filled.
Civil Services as a Career:
Civil Services is considered as the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country. Framework of most of the policies and laws is drafted by the bureaucrats only. The concerned minister is entitled to present this policy or bill in the house for further clearance. The bureaucracy acts like veins in human body that are responsible to flow the blood to entire body. Besides the formulation of policy civil servants also holds the responsibility to execute them. Civil servants are the individuals that act like a bridge between public and government. Thus civil service as a career gives an ample opportunity to serve the people by availing them the benefits through the benevolent schemes and planning floated by the government. The power and perks attached to this service also make this job peculiar and unique.
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The eligibility criteria for Civil Services Exam is as follows:
- To become an IAS and the IPS officer the candidate should possess citizenship of India. However, except these two services a candidate belonging to India or any other country can join other services. Though the eligibility have some specific clauses that should be met by the nationals of another country.
- The age of a candidate should lie between 21 to 32 years on the 1st of August of examination year. The upper age-limit has been relaxed in some case. For an example relaxation of maximum of 5 years has been given to SC/STs candidates and 3 years has been given to OBC candidates. Age relaxation is also applicable for Ex-Defense personnel and candidates with certain disability. The number of attempts for general category students have been fixed at 6 however for other backward classes (OBC) the attempts have been kept at 9 or 35 years of age or whichever is earlier. No attempt bar has been put for SC/ST candidates while upper age limit has been kept at 37 years.
- A candidate must hold a Universities degree, or possess an equivalent qualification for appearing in Civil Services Examination. Candidates who have appeared in the final year of degree examination and also the candidates who intend to appear at such a qualifying examination will also be eligible for admission to the Preliminary Examination. But such candidates have to produce proof of passing the requisite examination before appearing in Civil Services (Main) Examination.
*A candidate who got appointed as an IAS or IFS officer in earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination. Moreover, a candidate who is appointed to the Indian Police Service will not be eligible to opt for the Indian Police Service in the next exam.
IAS Exam Process
UPSC exam is conducted in three tiers – Prelims, Mains and Personality Test (Interview). Prelims exam is having objective types or multiple choice questions. The marks obtained in this exam is for qualifying exam only and are not added in the final mark sheet. The mains exam is subjective in nature and it comprise of 4 General Studies Papers, 2 optional Papers, One Essay paper, One Hindi and English paper. However, the marks of Hindi and English are not added in the final marks they are of qualifying nature. The last round is personality test that is oral in nature and the purpose of this exam is to ascertain mental alertness and presence of mind of candidate. Candidates who clear all the three stages of the civil services exam enter into the prestigious civil services of the country, and become officers in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS) and a host of other services.
Although CSE is considered as one of the toughest exams in the country, with the right approach and strategy, an aspirant can crack the civil services examination in the very first attempt. The first and foremost thing for any aspirant is to know and understand the requirements of the civil services exam, such as the UPSC syllabus for IAS Exam (Prelims and Mains), pattern, eligibility criteria, application procedure, and other such significant details before kick-starting the preparations. Here, we present all the details relevant to UPSC/IAS Exam Pattern.
- Candidates are required to apply Online using the official website of UPSC that is www.upsconline.nic.in.
- Candidates need to complete the Online Application Form containing two stages viz. Part-I and Part-II as per the instructions available in the above mentioned website.
- The candidates are required to pay a fee of Rs.100/- Rupees One Hundred only) [excepting SC/ST/ Female/Persons with Benchmark Disability candidates who are exempted from payment of fee] either by depositing the money in any branch of State Bank of India by cash, or by using net banking facility of State Bank of India or by using any UPI/Visa/Master/Rupay Credit/ Debit Card.
- Before start filling up Online Application form, a candidate must have his/her photograph and signature duly scanned in the jpg format in such a manner that each file should not exceed 40 KB and must not be less than 3 KB in size for the photograph and 1 KB for the signature.
- Applicants should avoid submitting multiple applications. In case of multiple applications, the applications with higher Registration ID will be considered by the Commission.
- The applicants must ensure that while filling their Application Form, they are providing their valid and active E-Mail IDs as the Commission may use electronic mode of communication while contacting them at different stages of examination process.