El Niño

El Niño   Context:   • The India Meteorological Department (IMD), while forecasting a “normal” southwest monsoon for this year also, revised downwards the definition of what constitutes average rainfall. • The IMD does not expect an El Nino, a phenomenon associated with a warming […]

Ob – Irtysh River System

Ob – Irtysh River System Context: • The above mentioned river system is in news as Kazakhstan proposes to use the Ob-Irtysh river system to gain access to the Arctic. Background: • Kazakhstan aims to use the vast Ob-Irtysh river system to gain access the […]