Overview of Europe’s AI Convention

Overview of Europe’s AI Convention


The European AI Convention is designed to ensure that AI-related activities uphold fundamental values such as human rights, democracy, and the rule of law.

  • This convention addresses the entire AI lifecycle, focusing on systems that could significantly impact these values.

GS-03 (Science and Technology)


  • Scope of Application: The convention mandates that both public authorities and private entities acting on their behalf adhere to its principles throughout the AI lifecycle.
  • Private Sector Accountability: Risks and impacts arising from AI activities by private entities must align with the convention’s objectives to safeguard human rights, democracy, and the rule of law.
  • Exemptions: The convention provides broad exemptions for activities related to national security, research, development, testing, and national defense.
  • Military Applications: AI applications in the military sector are excluded due to a lack of consensus on regulatory measures.
  • Partial Applicability: Despite the exemptions, the convention does not entirely exclude its applicability to national security and testing activities.

General Obligations:

  • Human Rights Protection: The convention requires parties to protect human rights and uphold democratic integrity and the rule of law in all AI-related activities.
  • Combatting Misinformation: Parties are obliged to address issues such as disinformation and deepfakes, ensuring that AI technologies do not undermine democratic processes.
  • Flexibility in Implementation: While the convention sets out specific commitments, it allows parties the flexibility to exceed these obligations, promoting a higher standard of AI governance.


The European AI Convention sets a comprehensive framework to ensure that AI technologies are developed and utilized in a manner consistent with core democratic values. By addressing both public and private sector activities and allowing for necessary exemptions, the convention aims to balance innovation with the protection of fundamental rights.