Keeping head above water in Silchar

#GS-03 : Disaster Management

For Prelims :

Barak River:

  • Originates in Manipur and passes through Mizoram and Assam and enters Bangladesh.
  • National Waterway Six is on Barak River.
  • Tipaimukh is a proposed Dam over this river.

For Mains

  • According to Assam State Disaster Management Authority (ASDMA) at least 5.75 lakh people have been affected as off May 2022.
  • Assam accounts for nearly 10% of the total flood prone area in the country.
  • One of the major causes of flood in Assam is bank erosion by Brahmaputra (Removal of soil and rock particles along the banks of river).
  • The man made reasons such as encroachment, lack of drainage, unplanned urbanization and deforestation are also major causes for floods.
  • Rejuvenation of wetlands, Reconstruction of embankments and flood planning zoning can be used to reduce the impact of future floods.