Indian-made HPV vaccine this year

Indian-made HPV vaccine this year

Indian-made HPV vaccine this year

For Prelims

About Cervical Cancer:

  • Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cells of the cervix which creates a malignant tumour of the cervix (the lowermost part of the uterus).
  • Cervical cancer is curable; however, the possibility of recurrence exits.
  • Various strains of the Human papillomavirus (HPV) play a role in causing most cervical cancer.
  • 27% of global cervical cancer cases are from India.

About CERVAVAC

  • CERVAVAC is a quadrivalent vaccine, making it effective against at least four variants of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
  • CERVAVAC, developed by Serum Institute of India (SII), was approved by the Drug Controller General of India in July.
  • CERVAVAC was developed by SII in partnership with DBT’s Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
  • CERVAVAC is expected to cost ₹200-400 a shot and will be commercially available later this year.

About Human papillomavirus:

  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a DNA virus from the Papillomaviridae family.
  • Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection (STI).
  • Most people with HPV don’t develop any symptoms but can act as carriers infecting others through sexual contact.
  • HPV vaccines can prevent the most common types of infection.

 

SOURCE: THE HINDU

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