India Showcases National Green Hydrogen Mission at World Hydrogen Summit 2024

Context:

India Debuts Pavilion at World Hydrogen Summit 2024, Showcasing National Green Hydrogen Mission

Relevance:

GS-03 (Environment and Ecology)

Details:

  • For the first time, India has established its pavilion at the World Hydrogen Summit 2024, held in Rotterdam, Netherlands, from May 13 to 15, 2024.
  • The Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India, has organized one of the largest pavilions at the event.

Significance:

  • Global Exposure: The World Hydrogen Summit is a key event in the international green hydrogen sector.
  • Large Attendance: Approximately 15,000 delegates from around the globe are expected to participate.
  • Showcasing Progress: The India Pavilion provides a platform to highlight India’s advancements in the Green Hydrogen sector to an international audience.

Green hydrogen:

  • Green hydrogen is a clean energy source generated through water electrolysis using renewable energy from wind, solar, and hydro power. It can play a crucial role in transitioning to a carbon-free economy, offering benefits such as zero greenhouse gas emissions.
  • Developing renewable energy sources like green hydrogen enhances energy independence, reducing vulnerability to price shocks and supply disruptions associated with finite fossil fuels.
  • It also fosters job creation in the renewable energy sector, addressing specialized needs in production, storage, and distribution.
  • Green hydrogen can replace fossil fuels in challenging-to-decarbonize sectors, such as heavy industry and aviation, contributing to a reduction in their carbon footprint.

Applications of Green Hydrogen:

  • Agriculture Sector: Green hydrogen can replace traditional fertilizers through the production of carbon-free green ammonia, offering improved efficiency and reduced soil acidity.
  • Green Hydrogen-Powered Farm Machinery: Farm machinery powered by green hydrogen can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions while maintaining the necessary power for essential tasks.
  • Water Management: Green hydrogen can power desalination plants, converting saltwater into freshwater and enhancing water management for sustainable agriculture.
  • Transport Sector: Hydrogen fuel cells in vehicles produce zero emissions, providing an attractive alternative to traditional gasoline and diesel-powered vehicles, with longer ranges and quick refueling times.
  • Industrial Sector: The production of green hydrogen using excess renewable energy during off-peak hours can lead to cost savings. On-site production and storage provide a reliable energy source for industrial processes, promoting energy independence and reducing waste.
  • Reduction in Waste: Green hydrogen production can utilize waste materials like municipal solid waste and agricultural waste, contributing to waste reduction and sustainable development.
  • Increase in Energy Efficiency: Green hydrogen powering fuel cells offers greater energy efficiency compared to traditional combustion engines, contributing to overall energy consumption reduction.