Dogged by inflation: On Price rise and policy measures

Dogged by inflation: On Price rise and policy measures

#GS-03 Economy


The recent release of  Government’s Index of Eight Core Industries for May, and S&P Global’s survey-based Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) have shown some concerns regarding the growth of India’s manufacturing industries.


For Prelims


  • Index of Eight Core Industries (ICI)– Released by Office of the Economic Adviser (OEA), Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry.
  • The Eight Core Industries are Natural Gas, Coal, Refinery Products, Crude Oil, Cement, Electricity, Steel, and Fertilizers.
  • Purchasing Managers Index- Survey based index. Valued from 0 to 100. Value above 50 is considered as expansion while below that is considered contraction.
  • The output of Core industries grew by an average of 18.1%. However, Cement shrunk by 3.2% from preceding month.


For Mains


  • Monetary Illusion aka Price Illusion – People viewing their wealth in nominal terms while ignoring inflation and reduction in the purchasing power of the currency.



  • PMI data shows that the price pressure is dampening the growth in manufacturing sector which fell to the slowest pace in the last 9 months.
  • Inflation has reduced the confidence of companies to lowest in 27 months.
  • A 95% of managers in PMI have blamed inflation for a lack of foreseeable change in production numbers from current year.
  • However, a ray of hope is that there are reports of reduction in input lead times happening for the first time since the onset of the pandemic.