Cabinet nod for climate pledges
Pledges India has made:
Five commitments, or Panchamrit:
- will increase its non-fossil energy capacity to 500 GW (gigawatt) by 2030.
- will meet 50% of its energy requirements from “renewable energy” by 2030.
- will reduce the total projected carbon emissions by one billion tonnes from now till 2030.
- will reduce the carbon intensity of its economy by more than 45%.
- will achieve the target of “net zero” by the year 2070.
What the press statement mentions
A press statement, following the Cabinet approval, only mentions two of these promises, namely that India is committed to reduce emissions intensity of its GDP by 45% by 2030, from the 2005 level and achieving 50% cumulative electric power installed capacity from non-fossil fuel-based energy resources by 2030.
About Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC)
NDC, or Nationally Determined Contribution, is a climate action plan to cut emissions and adapt to climate impacts.
Each Party to the Paris Agreement is required to establish an NDC and update it every five years.
About Glasgow Climate Pact
Glasgow Climate pact was adopted at Conference of Parties 26(COP26) of the United Nations Climate Change Conferences.
What are the decisions taken in Glasgow Climate Pact
- A consensus has been achieved regarding target of keeping global temperature rise down to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
- The need to transition from fossil fuels by phasing down coal has been recognised for the first time.
- Adaptation was given greater importance and the financial commitment to developing nations was doubled from the current amount.
- An agreement is signed among 100 countries to cut methane emissions by 30 % by 2030.
- A group of 100 countries has agreed to begin to reverse deforestation by 2030.