Agnikul: First-Ever Rocket Launch with 3D-Printed Engine

Agnikul: First-Ever Rocket Launch with 3D-Printed Engine


Agnikul Cosmos Private Ltd., based in Chennai, has achieved a major milestone by launching the world’s first rocket equipped with a fully 3D-printed engine.

  • The Agnibaan Sub Orbital Technology Demonstrator (SOrTeD) took off successfully from Sriharikota.
  • This event marks a significant moment in India’s space exploration history as it introduces the innovative single-piece 3D-printed engine, developed entirely in-house.


GS-03 (Science and technology)

Key Highlights:

  • Agnibaan SOrTeD’s launch marks the debut of private rocket launches from India’s ‘Dhanush’ launchpad, a testament to Agnikul’s pioneering efforts in the space sector.
  • The rocket’s propulsion system features a unique single-piece 3D-printed engine, showcasing advancements in additive manufacturing and semi-cryogenic engine technology on a global scale.
  • The primary objective of the mission was to demonstrate Agnikul’s indigenous technology capabilities, gather crucial flight data, and validate systems for future orbital missions with the Agnibaan launch vehicle.
  • The use of a fully 3D-printed engine represents a significant leap in manufacturing efficiency, streamlining production processes and reducing costs compared to traditional methods.
  • This launch also marks India’s inaugural use of a semi-cryogenic engine, harnessing the combined benefits of cryogenic and hypergolic engines for improved performance.


  • Agnikul’s achievement places India at the forefront of space technology innovation, particularly in the fields of 3D printing and semi-cryogenic propulsion, showcasing the nation’s prowess on a global stage.
  • The successful launch underscores the growing capabilities and contributions of the private sector in India’s space industry, signaling a shift towards greater self-reliance and innovation.
  • By demonstrating cutting-edge technology, India strengthens its position in the global space market, fostering competitiveness and inspiring future advancements in space exploration worldwide.