Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant

 

Context:

  • United Nations Security Council (UNSC) members expressed alarm at the prospect of a nuclear incident in Ukraine, at an emergency meeting on Friday, convened hours after a training building at Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant caught fire, as Russians moved in on the facility and seized control of it.
  • The International Atomic Energy (IAEA) chief told the Council that no reactors had been damaged.

 

Background:

 

  • Zaporizhzhia NPP was built between 1984 and 1995 after it was decided in 1977 to construct it and in 1980, the stepwise construction of the plant power units was started. 
  • In the period from 1984 to 1987 four power units had been put into operation. 

 

About the incident:

  • A fire broke out in a training building outside Zaporizhzhia NPP during intense fighting between Russian and Ukrainian forces. 
  • However, Ukraine emergency services say they have extinguished a fire at Europe’s largest nuclear power plant but it caused massive panic across the world. Kyiv blames Russian military shelling for the blaze. 
  • Russian forces have seized the largest nuclear power plant now. 
  • A video feed from the plant verified by news agencies showed heavy shelling and smoke rising near a building at the plant compound. 

 

Significance:
  • The power plant is of strategic importance to Russia because it is only about 200 km from Crimea, which Russia annexed in 2014.
  • Zaporizhzhia is the largest of Ukraine’s four nuclear power plants, which together provide about half the country’s electricity.

Source: THE HINDU.

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