Winter Olympics

 

Context:

 

  • Terming China’s decision to field a People’s Liberation Army (PLA) soldier involved in the June 2020 Galwan clashes as the torchbearer for the Winter Olympics Games in Beijing as “regrettable”, India announced a diplomatic boycott of the games just ahead of the opening ceremony on Friday.
  • State broadcaster Doordarshan also announced it will not telecast the opening and closing ceremonies live, where India has one athlete, skier Arif Khan, participating.

 

About winter Olympic 

  • The Winter Olympic Games is a major international multi-sport event held once every four years for sports practised on snow and ice. 
  • The first Winter Olympic Games was held in 1924 in Chamonix, France. 
  • The IOC is the governing body and the Olympic Charter defines its structure and authority.

 

International Olympic Committee (IOC)

 

  • The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is an important non-governmental organization that looks after the administration of the Olympic Games held all over the world.
Objectives of IOC

 

  • The IOC has the aim of ensuring the regular holding of the Olympic Games and fostering Olympism and the Olympic movement. 
  • The Committee decides the rules and regulations of the Olympic Games. It also decides when and where the next Olympics event will be held.

 

Structure of IOC:

 

  • The IOC is a permanent organisation that elects its own members. 
  • Each member must speak French or English and be a citizen of or reside in a country that has a National Olympic Committee. 
  • With very few exceptions, there is only one member from any one country.
  • Members were originally elected for life, but those elected after 1965 must retire at 75. 
  • The IOC is the final authority on all questions concerning the Olympic games and the Olympic movement. 
  • It was for the first time that 204 National Olympic Committees represented their countries at the 2012 London Olympic Games. 
  • The Executive Board which meets four-five times a year to manage the IOC’s affairs has a President elected for an eight-year term and four Vice-Presidents who are each elected for a four-year term. 
  • There are usually six members on the Executive Board. These members are elected for a four-year term.
  • The administration is carried under the authority of a Director-General and a Secretary-General. 
  • The Olympic Charter is the codification of the fundamental principles, rules and bye-laws adopted by the IOC. 
  • It governs the organisation and operation of the Olympic Movement and stipulates the conditions for the celebration of the Olympic Games.

Source: THE HINDU.

 

 

 

 

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