best ias academy in bangalore

UPSC Mains online classes

Best IAS academy in Bangalore


Fast Track Mains 2021 is a comprehensive program for Civil Service Mains Examination 2021 by Believers IAS Academy. This course is a part of Believer's online IAS coaching and will dart across the entire syllabus of mains examination enabling the aspirants to have a power-packed revision. 



  • Complete coverage of syllabus from Mains point of view
  • 69 Sessions (Duration: 207hours)
  • Dedicated study materials
  • Quality Addition Answer writing for Mains (QAAM) 2021
  • Mains Test Series of 17 tests
  • Dedicated test discussion sessions
  • Lucid Mains Current Affairs
  • Validity: till the UPSC Mains Examination 2021 
  • Essay writing practice















Breakup of Syllabus 


The syllabus is the starting point of your preparation. We are providing a detailed explanation of the syllabus, breaking it into logical units for preparation, but more importantly – also providing a list of key concepts that you should focus on for preparation of your Mains Examination. 


We have divided the Syllabus in Topics. The topic break up is below. (This is important as with this break-up, those who are doing self-study, can have a clear roadmap as to how many topics they have covered, and to what extent. The keyword listing will ensure that you know what all to be covered under a topic ) 


GS Paper 1 : This has been broken into 8 Topics 

GS Paper 2 : This has been broken into 20 Topics 

GS Paper 3 : This has been broken into 20 Topics 

GS Paper 4 : This can again be divided into 8 Topics (including case studies) 

Essay: The bifurcation of Essay paper will be dealt in a separate document. 


The General Studies + Essay together account for 1250 marks out of the 1750 marks in the Civil Services Mains Examination. This is 71.4% of the total marks for Mains and 62.5% of the total marks of the examination (including Personality Test) – which is used to rank candidates for allocation of service and State Cadres. 


General Studies Paper 1 




Topic 1 / Art & Culture : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. 

Topic 2/ Modern History : Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues. The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country. 

Topic 3/ Post-Independence : Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country. 

Topic 4/ World History : History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society. 

Topic 5/ Indian Society : Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India. Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies. Effects of globalization on Indian society. Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism. 

Topic 6/ Physical Geography : Salient features of world’s physical geography. 

Topic 7/ Human and Economic Geography : Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India). 

Topic 8/ Geophysical Phenomena : Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. 


Note : A large parts of the UPSC syllabus topics overlap and for studying purpose, it is not possible to have a clear segregation of what key concepts have to be studied under a Topic Head. In GS Paper 1, Topic 6 and Topic 8 cannot be distinctly separated. 


General Studies Paper 2 




Topic 1 : Indian Constitution—historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. 

Topic 2 : Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. 

Topic 3 : Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions. 

Topic 4 : Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries. 

Topic 5 : Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. 

Topic 6 : Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity. 

Topic 7 : Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act. 

Topic 8 : Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. 

Topic 9 : Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies. 

Topic 10 : Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

Topic 11 : Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. 

Topic 12 : Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections. 

Topic 13 : Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. 

Topic 14 : Issues relating to poverty and hunger. 

Topic 15 : Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures. 

Topic 16 : Role of civil services in a democracy. 

Topic 17 : India and its neighbourhood- relations. 

Topic 18 : Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests. 

Topic 19 : Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora. 

Topic 20 : Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate. 


Note : In GS Paper 2, Topics on Governance & Constitution ( From Topic 1 – Topic 9 ) have to be done in block and cannot be rigidly separated. Similarly International Relations Topics ( From Topic 16- Topic 20 ). The Focus Keyword Analysis ( that appears later in this document has attempted to do the segregation for making it easy for you to prepare them. However, you may see a repetition of keywords across multiple topics. Check for keyword Analysis at the end of the document. 


General Studies Paper 3 




Topic 1 : Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. 

Topic 2 : Inclusive growth and issues arising from it. 

Topic 3 : Government Budgeting. 

Topic 4 : Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers. 

Topic 5 : Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing. 

Topic 6 : Food processing and related industries in India- scope’ and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management. 

Topic 7 : Land reforms in India. 

Topic 8 : Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth. 

Topic 9 : Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. 

Topic 10 : Investment models. 

Topic 11 : Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life. 

Topic 12 : Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology. 

Topic 13 : Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. 

Topic 14 : Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. 

Topic 15 : Disaster and disaster management. 

Topic 16 : Linkages between development and spread of extremism. 

Topic 17 : Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security. 

Topic 18 : Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention. 

Topic 19 : Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism. 

Topic 20 : Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate. 


Note : In GS Paper 3, Topics 1,2,3,8,9,10 ( Economic Development ) , Topic 8,9,10 and Topics 11,12,13 form a single block. Focus Keywords have been attempted for each topic, but there will be overlap of several concepts. 


General Studies Paper 4 




This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered : 


Topic 1 : Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Topic 2 : Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion. 

Topic 3 : Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service, integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker sections. 

Topic 4 : Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance. 

Topic 5 : Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world. 

Topic 6 : Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance. 

Topic 7 : Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption. 

Topic 8 : Case Studies on the above issues.


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