- The second phase of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural) was authorized by the Centre last year, with a federal and state budget of Rs 52,497 crore.
- Between 2020-21 and 2024-25, the second phase will be deployed in mission mode.
- The second phase will concentrate on ODF Plus (Open Defecation Free Plus), which incorporates ODF sustainability as well as solid and liquid waste management (SLWM).
- The ODF Plus initiative will complement the recently created Jal Jeevan Mission and will intersect with MGNREGA, particularly for grey water management.
- The software will also make sure that no one is left behind and that everyone uses the restroom.
- For all components, the money sharing pattern between the Centre and States will be 90:10 for North-Eastern States and Himalayan States, as well as the UT of J&K; 60:40 for other States; and 100:0 for other Union Territories.
SBM Grameen’s Background:
- On the 2nd of October, 2014, the initiative was launched to help speed efforts to attain universal sanitation coverage and to focus on sanitation.
- It aims to enhance sanitation in rural regions by implementing Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities and making Gram Panchayats ODF (Open Defecation Free), clean, and sanitized.
The mission’s performance and importance:
- The rural sanitation initiative began on October 2, 2014, when the country’s sanitation coverage was reported to be 38.7%.
- Since the mission’s inception, more than 10 crore individual toilets have been built, resulting in rural areas in all states declaring themselves ODF as of October 2, 2019.
- The goal is to make India clean and defecation-free (ODF).
- The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation is in charge of implementing the plan.