Reorganisation of States
- Provincial Congress Committees of INC were restructured and expanded on linguistic basis following the INC’s Nagpur Session in 1920.
- This can be considered as the origin point for the demand for Linguistic division of states.
Post-Independence Period (1947-1950)
- The time between 1947 and 1950 was fraught with power struggles between the independent princely states and the Indian union.
- The princes wanted to hold on to as much powers as possible and get as many concessions as possible from the Union.
- The union government wanted to unify the nation while reducing inequalities and privileges to the few.
- The Princely states were integrated into the nation by 1950 and the new constitution was also enacted.
The states in the infant nation were divided into 4 categories.
- Part A states
- Part B states
- Part C States
- Part D states
Part A states
- These were the former governors’ provinces of British India.
- They were to be governed by an elected governor and state legislature.
- Part A states were Assam, Bihar, Bombay, Madras, Madhya Pradesh (earlier Central Provinces and Berar), Orissa, Punjab (earlier East Punjab), Uttar Pradesh (earlier the United Provinces), and West Bengal.
Part B States
- These states were the former princely states or groups of princely states
- These states were to be governed by a Rajpramukh.
- Rajpramukh usually was the ruler of a constituent state and an elected legislature who would be appointed by the President of India.
- Part B states were Hyderabad, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore, Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU), Rajasthan, Saurashtra, and Travancore-Cochin.
Part C States
- They were created from both the former chief commissioners’ provinces and some princely states,
- These states were to be governed by a chief commissioner
- The chief commissioner’s appointment was done by the President of India.
- Part C states were Ajmer, Bhopal, Bilaspur, Coorg, Cutch, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, and Vindhya Pradesh.
Part D States
- This state was administered a lieutenant governor appointed by the central government.
- Part D category was created solely for Andaman and Nicobar Islands.