Newspapers in British India – Part 4
1900 to 1915
- O Heraldo was established as the first daily Portuguese newspaper on 21 May 1900 by Aleixo Clemente Messias Gomes in Goa.
- It was later transformed into an English daily in 1983, by which time it was ‘the longest-running Portuguese-language newspaper outside of Portugal and Brazil’.
- The Indian Opinion was a newspaper established by Mahatma Gandhi for the Indian community in South Africa.
- The publication was an important tool for the political movement led by Gandhi and the Natal Indian Congress to fight racial discrimination and civil rights.
- The newspaper was published in Gujarati, Hindi, Tamil and English.
The Indian Sociologist
- The Indian sociologist was an Indian nationalist journal published by Shyamji Krishna Verma in 1905.
- The subtitle of the Indian sociologist was “An organ of Freedom, and political, social and religious reform.”
- The journal was edited by Shyamji Krishna Verma from 1905 to 1914, then between 1920 and 1922.
- Jugantar Patrika was a Bengali revolutionary newspaper founded in 1906 in Calcutta by Barindra Kumar Ghosh, Abhinash Bhattacharya and Bhupendranath Dutt.
- It served as the propaganda organ of Anushilan Samiti which a nascent revolutionary organization that was taking shape in Bengal at the time.
- Bhupendranath Dutt served as the editor of the newspaper till his arrest in 1907.
- The Leader was one of the most influential English-language newspapers in India during British Raj.
- It was founded by Madan Mohan Malviya on 24 October 1909 from Allahabad.
The Bombay Chronicle
- The Bombay Chronicle was an English-language newspaper, published from then Bombay, started in 1910 by Sir Pherozeshah Mehta.
- Jehangir Bomanji Petit had assisted Mehta in launching the newspaper.
- The newspaper closed down in 1959.
- The Hitavada is an English daily newspaper circulating mainly in Central parts of India.
- It was founded in 1911 by freedom fighter Gopal Krishna Gokhale in Nagpur.
- It was the first and the only English daily of Nagpur.
- Hindustan Ghadar was a weekly publication that was the party organ of the Ghadar Party.
- It was published under the auspices of the Yugantar Ashram.
- On 1st November 1913 the first issue of Ghadar in Urdu was published and on 9 December, the Gurmukhi edition.
- New India was an early 20th century daily newspaper published in India by Annie Besant, to highlight issues related to the Indian freedom struggle.
- In June 1914 Annie Besant purchased an existing newspaper called ‘Madras Standard’ and renamed it ‘New India’.
- Commonweal was a British socialist newspaper founded in 1885 by Annie Besant.
- Commonweal was first published in England founded in 1885 by the new born Socialist League.