NATIONAL POPULATION REGISTER

What is NPR:

 

  • It is a list of “usual inhabitants of the country,” according to the National Population Register.
  • A “usual resident of the country” is someone who has lived in a given place for at least the previous six months or plans to stay there for the future six months.

 

Legal Requirements:

 

  • The Citizenship Act of 1955 and the Citizenship (Registration of Citizens and Issue of National Identity Cards) Rules of 2003 are being used to create the NPR.
  • Every “usual resident of India” is required to register with the NPR.

 

Background:

 

  • The NPR data was first gathered in 2010 as part of Census 2011’s house listing phase.
  • This information was updated in 2015 by completing a door-to-door survey.
  • However, in recent years, the NPR has taken a backseat as Aadhaar has become the primary mechanism for transferring government benefits.
  • The NPR process takes place at the local, sub-district, district, state, and national levels.
  • Both demographic and biometric data will be collected by the NPR. Aadhar details will be used to update biometric data.
  • The RGI has only collected demographic information in the 2010 exercise.
  • It updated the data in 2015 by adding residents’ cellphone, Aadhaar, and ration card numbers.
  • The ration card number has been removed from the 2020 exercise, while additional categories have been added.

 

Advantages:

 

  • It will consolidate resident data across several platforms.
  • For example, it is usual to find a person’s date of birth on many official documents. NPR will assist in the elimination of this problem.
  • It will aid national security while also assisting the government in better formulating policies.
  • In the same way that Aadhaar has helped to better target government recipients, it will also assist to reduce paperwork and red tape.
  • It will aid in the implementation of the government’s recent proposal for a “One Identity Card.”
  • The ‘One Identity Card’ aims to replace duplicate and siloed Aadhaar cards, voter ID cards, banking cards, passports, and other documents.

 

Concerns about privacy:

 

  • There is no clarification on how the massive amount of data that will be collected through NPR will be protected.

 

NPR and the National Research Council:

 

  • The NPR, unlike the NRC, is not a citizenship enumeration campaign, as it would record any foreigner who stayed in a community for more than six months.
  • The NPR has sparked concerns over citizenship in the country, with the government pushing that the NRC be applied across the country.
  • All of this is taking place against the backdrop of Assam’s NRC, which has rejected 19 lakh of the 3.3 million people who applied.
  • Only on the basis of the impending NPR would the NRC be conducted across the country.
  • Following the creation of a list of residents (i.e. NPR), a national NRC might go about confirming the citizens on that list.

Source: THE HINDU.

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