About:

  • It is located in the Bharatpur district of Rajasthan, in the eastern section of the state.
  • The park covers about 30 square kilometers and includes numerous artificial and seasonal ponds.
  • Keoladeo is home to a variety of migratory birds who use it as a breeding and wintering habitat.
  • It is a Ramsar site as well as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The Siberian crane is a rare bird that was last seen in this area before the turn of the century.
  • It is home to roughly 365 different bird species, including raptors and waterfowl.
  • The terrain is home to jackals, sambars, nilgais, wild cats, hyenas, wild boar, porcupine, and mongoose.

About the Ramsar Convention:

  • The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental convention on wetlands.
  • It establishes a framework for wetlands conservation and judicious utilization of their resources.
  • In 1971, the Convention was signed in the Iranian city of Ramsar, and it went into effect in 1975.
  • Since then, about 90% of UN member states from all geographic regions of the world have agreed to become “Contracting Parties.”
  • All lakes and rivers, underground aquifers, swamps and marshes, wet grasslands, Peatlands, oases, estuaries, deltas and tidal flats, mangroves and other coastal areas, coral reefs, and all human-made sites such as fish ponds, rice paddies, reservoirs, and salt pans are included in the Convention’s definition of wetlands.

Source The Hindu

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