India-Israel

 

Context:

·       India-Israel agree to further enhance cooperation in the agricultural sector

·       Israeli ambassador to India calls on Union Agriculture Minister

·       75 villages are being taken up to convert into ‘Villages of Excellence’ to commemorate the 75th year of India’s independence

·       Israel ambassador proposes the certification of Centers of Excellence to further enhance the standards and quality of services

Background:

  • Diplomatic relations between Israel and India were fully established in 1992 despite attaining Independence from the British Empire within a year apart.
  • Cold war politics had a lot to do with the initial frosty relations between India and Israel.
  • India was part of the Non-Aligned movement while keeping a close relation with the Soviet-bloc and by proximity the Arab world., while Israel was an ally of the United States and NATO.
  • When the Cold Warbegan to thaw in the 1980s, so two did the relations between the two nations beginning with a flurry of bilateral activity
  • This was demonstrated when Israel provided intelligence during the Kargil conflict in 1999 and provided disaster relief during 2001 Bhuj earthquake
  • With the establishment of full diplomatic ties, both countries have benefited immensely. India is one of Israels premier trading partners.
  • Trade and cooperation between the country now center on security-related deals and aid in areas as agriculture and water desalination

 

 

Collaboration in Agriculture:

  • The two nations in 2008 started an agrcultural fund worth $50 million that focused on dairy, farming technology and micro-irrigation. 
  • This constituted the Indo-Israel Agricultural Project.
  • By March 2014, 10 centres of excellence operated throughout India offering free training sessions for farmers on efficient agricultural techniques using Israeli technological expertise.
  • Vertical farming, drip irrigation and soil solarization are some of what is taught at the centres.
  • Farming at these centres focuses on mangoes, tomatoes, pomegranates, and citrus fruits.

Source: THE HINDU.

 

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