• Context:
  • The fourth edition of Niti Aayog’s state health index for 2019-20 has been issued.
  • The NITI Aayog, the World Bank, and the Union Health and Family Welfare Ministry commissioned the “Health Index” as part of a report.
  • In the most recent index, the following states performed well:
  • Kerala has won for the fourth year in a row.
  • Uttar Pradesh is at the bottom of the list.
  • Tamil Nadu is ranked second, while Telangana is ranked third.
  • Mizoram came out on top among smaller states in terms of health, while Nagaland came in worst.
  • Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu were placed first and second, respectively, among union territories, and Andaman and Nicobar was ranked last.
  • Parameters used to evaluate states:
  • The Health Index score is calculated using data from a vast number of variables organized into three categories: health outcomes, governance and information, and key inputs and processes.
  • Parameters like neonatal mortality rate, under-5 mortality rate, and birth sex ratio are examples of health outcomes.
  • Institutional deliveries and average occupancy of top officials in important positions intended for health are examples of governance.
  • Significance:
  • The Health Index was created as a mechanism to use cooperative and competitive federalism to accelerate the pace at which health results are achieved.
  • It would also be used to “nudge” States and Union Territories (UTs) and Central Ministries to place a considerably larger emphasis on output and outcome-based annual performance measurement than is currently the case.
  • The Index’s annual publication and dynamic availability on the public domain are expected to keep all stakeholders informed about the achievement of Goal 3 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • Source The Hindu

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