Yakshagana 

#GS1 #Art&Culture #ArtFroms 

Professional Yakshagana ‘melas’ (troupes) were forced to give up their daily performances mid-way in March owing to COVID-19 and the lockdown restrictions that ensued. 

  • The lockdown has hit various stakeholders associated with Yakshagana and they have incurred losses worth crores.  
  • The belt has over 40 professional touring troupes with most of them presenting all-night shows and a few of them performing short duration shows from December to May.  
  • The troupes have a minimum of 25 persons to a maximum of 60 persons, including artistes, helpers and others. 

About Yakshagana 

  • Yakshagana is a traditional theatre form that combines dance, music, dialogue, costume, make-up, and stage techniques with a unique style and form. 
  • Yakshagana literally means the song (gana) of the yaksha (nature spirits). 
  • It developed in Udupi, in the state of Karnataka. It is popular in the Karnataka districts of Dakshina Kannada, Kasaragod, Udupi, Uttara Kannada and Shimoga . 
  • This folk art is believed to have originated somewhere in between the 10th and 16th century. 
  • Yakshagana is strongly influenced by the Vaishnava Bhakti movement. Its stories are mainly drawn from Ramayana, Mahabharata, Bhagavata and other Hindu epics. 
  • A typical Yakshagana performance consists of background music played by a group of musicians (known as the himmela); and a dance and dialog group (known as the mummela), who together enact poetic epics on stage. 
  • Yakshagana is traditionally presented from dusk to dawn. 

Types: 

  • The tenkutittu style: It is prevalent in Dakshina Kannada. Tenkutittu is noted for its incredible dance steps; its high flying dance moves; and its extravagant rakshasas (demons). 

The Badagutittu style: 

It is prevalent in Uttara Kannada District and places more emphasis on facial expressions, matugarike (dialogues), and dances appropriate for the character depicted in the episode.

Print Friendly and PDF
blog comments powered by Disqus