WWF identifies 100 cities, including 30 in India, facing ‘severe water risk’ by 2050

#GS3 #ENVIRONMENT #ECOLOGY

A hundred cities worldwide, including 30 in India, face the risk of ‘severe water scarcity’ by 2050, according to a recent report by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF).

The cities include:

  • Global hubs such as: Beijing, Jakarta, Johannesburg, Istanbul, Hong Kong, Mecca and Rio de Janeiro.
  • Indian Cities such as: Jaipur, Indore, Thane, Srinagar, Rajkot, Bengaluru etc.
  • More than half of the identified cities are from China and India.
  • The cities would face a ‘grave water risk’ by 2050 due to a dramatic increase in their population percentage to 51 per cent by 2050, from 17 per cent in 2020.

 

Measures

  • Cities need to invest more in nature-based solutions and enhance the health of river basins, watersheds and wetlands to build resilience to water risks.
  • To manage these initiatives, a public funding pool needed to be created in collaboration with the private sector to invest, reduce risk and generate returns and fuel sustainable economic growth.
  • Cities also needed to support greater global efforts to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions to avoid reaching these scenarios.
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