World Drug Report 2020 

#GS3 #Health #Drugs 

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has released the World Drug Report for the year 2020. 

Findings of the report  

  • It has highlighted a wide range of possible consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic on illegal drug production, supply and consumption. 
  • The report has expressed concern over the adverse impact of the economic hardship caused by the pandemic. This could lead to an increase in the number of people resorting to illicit activities linked to drugs to make a living. 
  • As experienced during the 2008 economic crisis, it could result in reductions in drug-related budgets of the governments; overall increase in drug use, with a shift towards cheaper and more harmful drugs. 
  • The report says that the lockdown could hinder the production and sale of opiates in major producing countries. The key months for the opium harvest in Afghanistan are March to June. This year’s harvest took place during the pandemic. 
  • A recent uptick in heroin seizures in the Indian Ocean could be interpreted as an indication of an increase in the use of maritime routes for trafficking heroin to Europe along the ‘southern route’. 

Drug use  

  • The report said that about 26.9 crore people used drugs in 2018, which was 30% more than the 2009 figure, with adolescents and young adults accounting for the largest share of users. 
  • Compared with earlier estimates from a survey done in 2004, overall opioid use in India is estimated to have increased fivefold. 

About World Drug Report  

  • The World Drug Report provides an annual overview of the major developments in drug markets for the various drug categories, ranging from production to trafficking, including development of new routes and modalities, as well as consumption. 
  • It is released annually by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). 
  • About United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) – 
  • The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime is a United Nations office that was established in 1997 as the Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention by combining the United Nations International Drug Control Program (UNDCP) and the Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division in the United Nations Office at Vienna. 
  • It is a member of the United Nations Development Group and was renamed the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in 2002. 

It releases ‘World Drug Report’ annually.

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