UYGHUR HUMAN RIGHTS POLICY ACT OF 2020 

#GS2 #International #HumanRights 

The U.S. House of Representatives approved a legislation calling for sanctions on Chinese officials responsible for oppression of Uyghur Muslims, sending the Bill to the White House for President Donald Trump to veto or sign into law. 

  • The Uyghur Human Rights Policy Act of 2020 is a bill in the United States Congress that would require various United States government bodies to report on the treatment of Uyghurs in Xinjiang, China, including internment in the Xinjiang re-education camps. 
  • It calls for sanctions against those responsible for repression of Uyghurs and other Muslim groups in China’s Xinjiang province, where the United Nations estimates that more than a million Muslims have been detained in camps. 
  • It singles out the region’s Communist Party secretary, Chen Quanguo, as responsible for “gross human rights violations” against them. 
  • The Bill also calls on U.S. firms operating in Xinjiang region to ensure their products do not include parts using forced labour. 
  • Uighur: Until recently its population was mostly Uighur. Most Uighurs are Muslim and Islam is an important part of their life and identity.  

Important Info : 

  • The Uyghurs are a Turkic ethnic group who live in East and Central Asia. Uyghurs primarily practice Islam. Their language is related to Turkish, and they regard themselves as culturally and ethnically close to Central Asian nations. 
  • They live primarily in the Xinjiang, officially the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR), is a provincial-level autonomous region of China in the northwest of the country. It is the largest of China's administrative regions.  
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