Ukraine urges NATO to speed up membership 

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Frame of reference.

  • The only way to end fighting with pro- Russia separatists is to speed up the process of membership in the alliance. Says the Ukraine president.
  • He spoke with NATO Secretary General after an increase in clashes and Russian military movements on the border raised fears of an escalation of the separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine. 

The only way to end the war 

  • Ukraine was committed to defence reforms requested by the alliance for membership. But reforms alone will not stop Russia. 
  • NATO is the only way to end the war in Donbas. Ukraine’s MAP will be a real signal for Russia. 
  • Fears have been mounting of a major escalation of the conflict in eastern Ukraine, where government forces have battled separatists in the mainly Russian-speaking Donbas region since 2014. 
  • Ukraine last week accused Russia of massing thousands of military personnel on its northern and eastern borders as well as on the Crimean peninsula annexed by Moscow in 2014. 
  • Kiev’s Western allies have rushed to its defence, with a series of statements warning Russia against taking further action. 
  • NATO Secretary General called Ukrainian President “to express serious concern about Russia’s military activities in and around Ukraine and ongoing ceasefire violations”. 
  • Ukraine Crisis
  • On December 9, 2019, Russian President and the Ukrainian President agreed to cease fire in the eastern Ukraine by the end of 2019. 
  • The countries also pledged to disengage military forces in the other three additional regions of Ukraine by the end of March 2020. 
  • During the meet, the issue of Russian gas exports through the Ukraine border have been fixed. 
  • However, the countries still disagree on certain issues like withdrawal of Russia-back troops, elections to be held by the separatist rebels in areas of Ukraine. 

BIASA BASICS 

Ukraine Crisis

● On December 9, 2019, Russian President and the Ukrainian President agreed to cease fire in the eastern Ukraine by the end of 2019.

● The countries also pledged to disengage military forces in the other three additional regions of Ukraine by the end of March 2020.

● During the meet, the issue of Russian gas exports through the Ukraine border have been fixed.

● However, the countries still disagree on certain issues like withdrawal of Russia-back troops, elections to be held by the separatist rebels in areas of Ukraine.

Background 

  • In 2014, Russia annexed the Crimea peninsula of Ukraine with the help of pro-Russian separatists. 
  • Following this, Russia conducted several military actions. Crimea Peninsula is located in the north of Black sea. 
  • The Peninsula is important as it had port access to the Black sea. In 2018, Russian Navy seized three Ukrainian ships in the Crimea Peninsula. 
  • In 2019, Zelensky won Presidential elections. Zelensky is the major competitor to the Russia supported leader Viktor Yanukovych. 
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Recent Issues 

  • Recently, Ukraine got at loggerheads with Russia over the occupation of Crimean peninsula by Russia. 
  • The separatist movement in East Ukraine - The Donbass region (the Donetsk and Luhansk regions) of eastern Ukraine is facing a pro-Russian separatist movement since 2014. 
  • According to the Ukrainian government, the movement is actively supported by the Russian government and Russian paramilitaries make up to between 15% to 80% of the separatists fighting against Ukraine government. 
  • In June 2020, Ukraine became ‘Enhanced Opportunity Partners’ under the Partnership Interoperability Initiative of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 
  • Ukraine is also seeking European Union and NATO membership, a move that could obstruct attempts to resolve other tensions with Russia. 

India-Ukraine Relations 

  • Immediately after the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Government of India recognized the Republic of Ukraine as a sovereign independent country in December 1991. 
  • The Embassy of India in Kyiv was established in May 1992 and Ukraine opened its Mission in New Delhi in February 1993. 
  • India and Ukraine enjoy warm and friendly relations and cooperate in areas like Culture, Arts, Education, Mutual Legal Assistance, Outer Space cooperation. 
  • Recently, Ukraine has shown interest to procure some military hardware from India in addition to efforts to deepen its presence in the Indian defence market. 
  • It is in sync with Indian defence sector reforms and Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan which includes making India self reliant in defence manufacturing. 
  • Ukraine also has a significant size of the Indian community excluding students, it is estimated to be about two thousand. 

 

SOURCE: THE HINDU 

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