Tributes to Bhagwan Birsa Munda on his Jayanti

#GS1 #HISTORY

Salutations to Lord Birsa Munda Ji on his birth anniversary. For his contribution to the freedom movement and social harmony Their efforts will always inspire the countrymen.

  • Birsa Munda 15 November 1875 – 9 June 1900) was an Indian tribal freedom fighterreligious leader, and folk hero who belonged to the Munda tribe. 
  • He spearheaded a tribal religious millenarian movement that arose in the Bengal Presidency (now Jharkhand) in the late 19th century, during the British Raj, thereby making him an important figure in the history of the Indian independence movement
  • The revolt mainly concentrated in the Munda belt of KhuntiTamar, Sarwada and Bandgaon.
  • His portrait hangs in the Indian Parliament Museum; he is the only tribal leader to have been so honored.
  • Birsa's claim to be a messenger of God and the founder of a new religion sounded preposterous to the missionaries. 
  • There were also within his sect converts from Christianity, mostly Sardars. His simple system of offering was directed against the church which levied a tax. 
  • The concept of one God appealed to his people who found his religion and economical religion healer, a miracle-worker, and a preacher spread. 
  • The Mundas, Oraons, and Kharias flocked to Chalkad to see the new prophet and to be cured of their ills. 
  • Both the Oraon and Munda population up to Barwari and Chechari in Palamau became convinced Birsaities. 
  • Contemporary and later folk songs commemorate the tremendous impact of Birsa on his people, their joy and expectations at his advent. The name of Dharti Aba was on everybody's lips. 
  • A folk song in Sadani showed that the first impact cut across the lines of caste Hindus and Muslims also flocked to the new Sun of religion.
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