telescope inside the world’s deepest lake

#GS3 Science and Technology


News info:

Russian scientists launched one of the world’s biggest underwater neutrino telescopes called the Baikal-GVD (Gigaton Volume Detector) in the waters of Lake Baikal, the world’s deepest lake situated in Siberia.

Explanation:

  • The construction of this telescope, which started in 2016, is motivated by the mission to study in detail the elusive fundamental particles called neutrinos and to possibly determine their sources. 
  • Studying this will aid scientists’ understanding of the origins of the universe since some neutrinos were formed during the Big Bang, others continue to be formed as a result of supernova explosions or because of nuclear reactions in the Sun.

The Baikal-GVD is one of the three largest neutrino detectors in the world 

Russia deploys neutrino telescope below the surface of Lake Baikal - Big  World Tale

the other 2 being:

  1. the IceCube at the South Pole 
  2. and ANTARES in the Mediterranean Sea.

Need to study fundamental particles?

  • Studying what humans and everything around them are made up of gives scientists a window into understanding the universe in a better way, just how it is easy to grasp what a cake is once one knows the ingredients it is made up of. 
  • This is one reason why scientists are so keen on studying neutrinos (not the same as neutrons), which are also a type of fundamental particle. 
  • Fundamental means that neutrinos, like electrons, protons and neutrons cannot be broken down further into smaller particles.

Source: Indian Express

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