Sunderbans 

#GS3 #Environment 

About 28% of the Sunderbans have been damaged by Cyclone Amphan, Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said recently at the launch of a drive for planting mangroves and trees to mark World Environment Day. 

  • She said 1,200 sq km of the 4,263 sq km forests had been “destroyed”. The Indian Sunderbans, an area south of the Dampier Hodges line, is spread over 9,630 sq km, of which the mangrove forest accounts for 4,263 sq km. 

About Sunderbans  

  • It comprises hundreds of islands and a network of rivers, tributaries and creeks in the delta of the Ganga and the Brahmaputra at the mouth of the Bay of Bengal in India and Bangladesh. 
  • Located on the southwestern part of the delta, the Indian Sunderbans constitutes over 60% of the country’s total mangrove forest area. 
  • It is the 27th Ramsar Site in India, and with an area of 4,23,000 hectares is now the largest protected wetland in the country. 
  • Indian Sunderban is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is home to the Royal Bengal Tiger. 
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