State of the Young Child in India Report

#GS2 #Issues #Children #Governance

 

Recently, the State of the Young Child in India report has been released by Mobile Creches, a non-governmental organization (NGO).

  • The Young Child Outcomes Index (YCOI) and the Young Child Environment Index (YCEI) are parts of the report.
  • Mobile Creches works in the field of early childhood care and development by ensuring creche services at construction sites and slum settlements across several cities.

 

IMPROVING SCORE 
(State of the 
INDIA 2015-16 2005-06 
Young Child in 
SCORE: 0.585 0.443 
0.142 
India report) 
Top three states 2015-16 
Bottom three states 2015-16 
t 
0.796 
0817 
0.757 
0.06 
0.179 
Jharkhand 
0.371 
Uttar Pradesh 
0.460 
0.290 
Bihar 
0.452 
0.298 
0.129 
0.17 
Tripura 
u761 
Note: cmstructiu viz- t*aRh. IWtrith'i 
ard tm re.ecfive re Infart MortaJiy Rate. 
net attmdance at tie primary

 

  • It measures health, nutrition, and cognitive growth of children in the 0-6 years age group with the help of indicators such as infant mortality rate, stunting, and net attendance at the primary school level.
  • It has been constructed for 2005-2006 and 2015-2016 to enable inter-state comparisons as well as provide an idea of change over time.
  • Kerala, Goa, Tripura, Tamil Nadu, and Mizoram are among the top five states for the well-being of children.
  • Assam, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar have scores below the country’s average.
  • The overall India score is 0.585 on a scale of 0-1.

 

About Young Child Environment Index:

  • It helps to understand the policy and environment enablers that influence a child’s well-being.
  • It uses five policy enablers that influence child well-being outcomes, including poverty alleviation, strengthening primary health care, improving education levels, safe water supply, and promotion of gender equity.
  • It was constructed for 2015–2016 only due to limitations of data availability.
  • Kerala, Goa, Sikkim, Punjab, and Himachal Pradesh have secured the top five positions.
  • The eight states with a below-average score on the YCOI have also performed poorly on this one.
  • The overall India score is 0.672.
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