State of the Young Child in India Report
#GS2 #Issues #Children #Governance
Recently, the State of the Young Child in India report has been released by Mobile Creches, a non-governmental organization (NGO).
- The Young Child Outcomes Index (YCOI) and the Young Child Environment Index (YCEI) are parts of the report.
- Mobile Creches works in the field of early childhood care and development by ensuring creche services at construction sites and slum settlements across several cities.
- It measures health, nutrition, and cognitive growth of children in the 0-6 years age group with the help of indicators such as infant mortality rate, stunting, and net attendance at the primary school level.
- It has been constructed for 2005-2006 and 2015-2016 to enable inter-state comparisons as well as provide an idea of change over time.
- Kerala, Goa, Tripura, Tamil Nadu, and Mizoram are among the top five states for the well-being of children.
- Assam, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar have scores below the country’s average.
- The overall India score is 0.585 on a scale of 0-1.
About Young Child Environment Index:
- It helps to understand the policy and environment enablers that influence a child’s well-being.
- It uses five policy enablers that influence child well-being outcomes, including poverty alleviation, strengthening primary health care, improving education levels, safe water supply, and promotion of gender equity.
- It was constructed for 2015–2016 only due to limitations of data availability.
- Kerala, Goa, Sikkim, Punjab, and Himachal Pradesh have secured the top five positions.
- The eight states with a below-average score on the YCOI have also performed poorly on this one.
- The overall India score is 0.672.