Science and Technology Indicators (STI), 2018 

#GS3 #Science&Technology 

According to the data in the Science and Technology Indicators (STI), 2018, a periodic compendium of the state of scientific research in India, India’s private sector research companies appear to employ a larger proportion of women in core research and development activities than government-funded major scientific agencies do. 

What does the report say? 

  • Of the women involved in the R&D domain, the share of involvement was three-fourth in private R&D companies and less than half in case of government-funded major scientific agencies. 
  • Male scientists account for a higher proportion of the total scientists in India’s R&D establishments. The ratio of women to men scientists is the range 1:6 to 1:4. This indicates the inadequate representation of women scientists in the R&D domain. 
  • There has been a trend of a large drop in the number of women between the doctoral and professional stages due to social pressure on women to have a family that is seen as incompatible with a professional career. 
  • There are also patriarchal attitudes in hiring practices that might be leading to lower women hiring. 
  • Data from the STI report notes that India’s private sector research companies employ a larger proportion of women in core research and development activities than government-funded major scientific agencies. 
  • Private sector companies seem to have a greater commitment to ensuring that women scientists are fairly represented in recruitment, promotions and appraisal processes than in many scientific organisations. 

About Science and Technology Indicators (STI), 2018  

  • The STI is prepared by a division of the Department of Science and Technology, the National Science and Technology Management Information System, and is based on data provided by a range of scientific establishments across the country. 
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