RBI announces nine additional measures for strengthening the Economy 

#GS3 #Economy #RBI 

Repo rate reduced by 40 basis points 

  • The Governor has announced a reduction in major policy rates, in order to revive growth and mitigate the impact of COVID-19, while ensuring that inflation remains within the target.  
  • The repo rate has been reduced by 40 basis points from 4.4% to 4.0%. The Marginal Standing Facility rate and the Bank rate have been reduced from 4.65% to 4.25%. The reverse repo rate has been reduced from 3.75% to 3.35%. 

He reiterated that the goals of the measures being announced are: 

  • To keep the financial system and financial markets sound, liquid and smoothly functioning. 
  • To ensure access to finance to all, especially those that tend to get excluded by financial markets. 
  • To preserve financial stability. 

Measures to Improve the Functioning of Markets 

  • Refinance Facility to SIDBI extended for another 90 days 
    • In order to enable increased supply of affordable credit to small industries, the RBI had, on April 17, 2020, announced a special refinance facility of ₹15,000 crore to SIDBI at RBI’s policy repo rate for a period of 90 days.  
    • This facility has now been extended by another 90 days. 
  • Relaxation of Rules for Foreign Portfolio Investment under Voluntary Retention Route 
  • The VRR is an investment window provided by RBI to Foreign Portfolio Investors, which provides easier rules in return for a commitment to make higher investments.  
  • The rules stipulate that at least 75% of the allotted investment limit be invested within three months; considering the difficulties being faced by investors and their custodians, the time limit has now been revised to six months. 

Measures to Support Exports and Imports 

  • Exporters can now Avail Bank Loans for Higher Period 
    • The maximum permissible period of pre-shipment and post-shipment export credit sanctioned by banks to exporters has been increased from the existing one year to 15 months, for disbursements made up to July 31, 2020. 
  • Loan facility to EXIM Bank 
    • The Governor has announced a line of credit of ₹15,000 crore to the EXIM Bank, for financing, facilitating and promoting India’s foreign trade.  
    • The loan facility has been given for a period of 90 days, with a provision to extend it by one year.  
    • The loan is being given in order to enable the bank to meet its foreign currency resource requirements, especially in availing a US dollar swap facility. 
  • More time for Importers to Pay for Imports 
    • The time period for import payments against normal imports (i.e. excluding import of gold/diamonds and precious stones/jewellery) into India has been extended from six months to twelve months from the date of shipment.  
    • This will be applicable for imports made on or before July 31, 2020. 

Measures to Ease Financial Stress 

  • Extension of Regulatory Measures by another 3 Months 
    • The RBI has extended the applicability of certain regulatory measures announced earlier, by another three months from June 1, 2020 till August 31, 2020.  
    • These measures will now be applicable for a total period of six months (i.e. from March 1, 2020 to August 31, 2020).  
  • The aforesaid regulatory measures are:  
    • (a) 3-month moratorium on term loan instalments;  
    • (b) 3-month deferment of interest on working capital facilities;  
    • (c) easing of working capital financing requirements by reducing margins or reassessment of working capital cycle;  
    • (d) exemption from being classified as ‘defaulter’ in supervisory reporting and reporting to credit information companies;  
    • (e) extension of resolution timelines for stressed assets; and  
    • (f) asset classification standstill by excluding the moratorium period of 3 months, etc. by lending institutions.  
    • The lending institutions have been permitted to restore the margins for working capital to their original levels by March 31, 2021.  
    • Similarly, the measures pertaining to reassessment of working capital cycle are being extended up to March 31, 2021. 
  • Provision to convert Interest on Working Capital into Interest Term Loan 
    • Lending institutions have been allowed to convert the accumulated interest on working capital facilities over the total deferment period of 6 months (i.e. March 1, 2020 up to August 31, 2020) into a funded interest term loan, to be fully repaid during the course of the current financial year, ending March 31, 2021. 
  • Increase of Group Exposure Limit to Increase Fund Flow to Corporates 
    • The maximum credit which banks can extend to a particular corporate group has been increased from 25% to 30% of the bank’s eligible capital base.  
    • This has been done in order to enable corporates to meet their funding requirements from banks, in view of the current difficulties being faced by corporates in raising money from the markets. The increased limit will be applicable up to June 30, 2021. 

Measures to ease financial constraints faced by State Governments 

  • States allowed to borrow more from Consolidated Sinking Fund 
    • The Consolidated Sinking Fund is being maintained by state governments as a buffer for repayment of their liabilities.  
    • The rules governing withdrawal from this Fund have now been relaxed, in order to enable states to enable them to repay their borrowings from the market, which become due in 2020-21.  
    • The change in withdrawal norms will come into force with immediate effect and will remain valid till March 31, 2021.  
    • The Governor added that the relaxation is being done, while ensuring that depletion of the Fund balance is done prudently. 
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