Punjab farmers find a better way to grow paddy  
#GS3 #Agriculture

 

Why in news? 

Labour shortage after the exodus of pandemic-­struck migrant labourers forced Gurteg Singh in Punjab to plant paddy using the direct seeding of rice (DSR) technique in the Kharif season, rather than do traditional transplanting. A month later, he is upbeat about his crop yield, and relieved at being spared of a major problem: handling crop residue after harvest  
 

Direct Seeding of Rice:

  • In DSR, the pre-germinated seeds are directly drilled into the field by a tractor-powered machine.
  • There is no nursery preparation or transplantation involved in this method.
  • Farmers have to only level their land and give one pre-sowing irrigation

 

The advantage with Direct Seeding of Rice

  • Water-saving.
  • Minimum labourers needed.
  • Reduce methane emissions due to a shorter flooding period and decreased soil disturbance compared to transplanting rice seedlings.

 

Drawbacks of Direct Seeding of Rice

  • Non-availability of herbicides.
  • The seed requirement for DSR is also high, 8-10 kg/acre, compared to 4-5 kg/acre in transplanting.
  • Further, laser land levelling is compulsory in DSR. This is not so in transplanting.
  • The sowing needs to be done timely so that the plants have come out properly before the monsoon rains arrive.
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